The first year of a child’s life is a time of intensive growth and development and a difficult period of his adaptation to new conditions. Therefore, the main task of the parents is to make it as easy as possible for him to do this process.
Modern advances in neonatal care, including diapers, come to the rescue. They not only save the baby from unpleasant feelings but also become, for young parents, tangible help in caring for him.
Unfortunately, sometimes you have to face the downside of this issue – after the use of diapers on the baby’s skin can occur redness and rash. We will talk about the nature of these manifestations and whether there may be allergies to diapers today.
Is there an allergy to diapers?
The first and most important question that so often causes controversy among supporters and opponents of this invention: can there be an allergy to diapers at all? Experts say yes, it can, as with any other hygienic agent.
The human body is unique, and the statement about the hypoallergenicity of a product cannot be unconditional. Individual reactions depend on many factors, including immunity, heredity, skin sensitivity, etc.
However, if your baby has a negative reaction to the products of one manufacturer, it does not mean that you should give up diapers completely. Most likely, the baby was not suitable for the composition of products of a particular brand. Therefore, you have to find the option that will be acceptable for him.
Before you start searching, it is worth seeing if there is an allergy and whether it results from the use of diapers.
Symptoms of diaper allergy
Having detected changes in the skin in the perineum area of your child, do not make an unambiguous diagnosis. The mistake will cause you many inconveniences and negatively affect the child’s health, pushing back in time to contact a specialist and search for the true causes of the disease.
Did you know that diaper allergies are often confused with conventional diaper rash?
To conclude, you should know how an allergy to diapers manifests itself. The negative reaction can be said only if there are the following symptoms:
- The spread of rash and redness is limited only to the area with which the product comes into contact. In other places, the skin retains a healthy appearance;
- There is a ring redness around the hole;
- When changing the diaper, there is no humidity. The affected areas remain dry;
- in the behavior of the baby, there are changes, indicating the presence of a constant irritant: he sleeps worse, often capricious for no apparent reason, can refuse to eat;
- affected areas are covered with ulcers and flakes. The skin becomes inflamed and swells.
If the changes have affected the rest of the body, we are talking about other sources of allergic reactions. In such a situation, you need to consult a specialist to identify them immediately.
Allergy to diapers can only spread throughout the body if systemic, i.e., in cases where local manifestations have not been taken into account promptly.
What can be confused with allergies?
For allergic manifestations caused by diapers, it is easy to take sweats, fungal infection, contact dermatitis, which occurs due to rubbing the product on the skin in the densest fit.
Given this confusion, pediatricians give clear advice on how to identify diaper allergy most accurately:
- To give up their use completely for a few days.
- regularly and responsibly carry out all necessary procedures for the baby’s skincare;
- after the final disappearance of symptoms, for no more than 40 minutes to put on the child’s diaper (make sure that his skin is dry and clean).
If no changes have been detected under the product, it means that you are not dealing with allergies. Most likely, the cause of the trouble was the late change of diaper, long-term skin contact with feces and urine, or the wrong selection of the product in size.
To ensure that other hygienic products used in everyday care have become allergy agents, you can treat the skin with them and leave the baby without diapers. If the reason is this, the reaction will come quickly.
Causes of allergies
So, you have already found out that the baby is allergic to diapers, the symptoms that have been described above. If you have used similar products without any problems before, the next step should be to identify the factors that activated the appropriate mechanisms in the child’s body. It could be:
- Changing the brand of the product;
- Using a low-quality product
- Accidental purchase of counterfeit or overdue products;
- Violation of manufacturer’s recommendations regarding storage rules
- additional ingredients, such as plant extracts or perfumes.
If there is one of the above options, all you will need in the future – to return to the proven brand and be more attentive when buying. In the meantime, it is necessary to do everything possible to cure the baby as soon as possible.
How to get rid of diaper allergies?
The first, the most important condition necessary for the return of healthy skin is strict adherence to the rules of diaper use. Air baths and regular use of special care products will allow her to recover quickly.
You may have to eliminate diapers for a while. But a few days of additional worries for parents are worth the peace and wellness of the crumbs!
Drugs designed to speed up the regeneration process and eliminate the symptoms of the disease include:
- ointments “Desitin,” “Bepanen,” Skin-cap, “Dupolen” etc.;
- antihistamines corresponding to the age of babies, in particular, “Fenistyl” or “Site”;
- proven hypoallergenic creams with calming and anti-inflammatory effects, such as Sanosan or Bubchen.
When selecting hygiene products carefully familiarize yourself with their composition so that instead of therapeutic effects they do not provoke aggravation of the disease. Before applying for the medicine, be sure to consult with a pediatrician or allergist.
How to treat allergies to diapers by folk methods?
Folk remedies can be a tangible help in healing the baby, but they are effective only in combination with medical drugs.
It is possible to take herbal baths that soothe sensitive skin, dry wounds, and reduce inflammation.
Option 1. Take a teaspoon of dried line, pharmacy chamomile, and purity. Fill the mixture with a liter of cool boiling water and leave to infuse. Pre-strained liquid adds to the water for bathing.
Option 2. Brew in boiling water dry chamomile in a ratio of 3 tsp per 1 liter of water. Strain, add to the bath before bathing.
Any herbs can become a pathogen of allergies, so their use without consulting a doctor is extremely undesirable.
How to choose a diaper so that it does not cause allergies?
To minimize the possible side effects of wearing a diaper, it is important to select it based on the following parameters:
The product should neither press nor rub crumbs. If you find traces of rubber bands on children’s skin, it is advisable to change the hygiene product to the appropriate size immediately. For the convenience of parents on the package is the weight for which the products are designed, so it is impossible to get confused.
Usually used cellulose or special gel-forming material, which increases the product’s price, but significant benefits in the ability to absorb and retain moisture.
External layer material
The presence of polyethylene prolongs the time of use. It saves parents from the unnecessary hassle associated with eliminating the consequences of leakage but deprives the child’s skin of the ability to breathe normally. In “breathing” models, polyethylene replaces the film with micro-holes, allowing it to penetrate the air, but prevents moisture release.
The quality of the clasps
They should not be too rude and become unusable after the first scattering. After all, it is quite possible when this procedure does not involve replacing diapers, for example, during a medical examination. The rounded shape of the clasps is additional protection against friction.
Additional components in the line-up
Herbal extracts, flavors, and creams are designed to provide additional baby skincare, but they increase the risk of allergic reactions. If you are unsure of your baby’s body reaction, it is best to refuse such supplements.
Everything here is individual, and each brand has both supporters and opponents. In general, Japanese diapers(Moonu, Merries, Goo. N, MamyPoko, etc.) are considered to be less allergic than the usual Pampers, Libero, and Huggies. In addition, there are phyto-diapers (Sun Herbal) that supposedly do not contain “chemistry” and should not cause negative reactions. However, this is only a general observation that does not exclude individual intolerance. For the first time buying products of a certain brand, it is better to limit yourself to a small package to avoid unnecessary costs.
Reusable diapers as an alternative
If your baby is categorically unsuitable for traditional disposable options, you can try reusable as an alternative. It is not difficult to buy them – the market presents products from different manufacturers (for example, the Russian Mum’s Era). They can also be made from a regular T-shirt with their own hands.
Reusable products are special panties with interchangeable liners. They are made exclusively from natural materials; bamboo or microfibre is used for pads. This option is safer in terms of possible allergic reactions.
Depending on the model, immediately after the baby has eased, you will have to change the entire diaper or only the liner. Products are easily washed, dry quickly, and can be used the next day after washing. The number of diapers per day depends on the age of the child.
Considering this option, it is worth considering that the price is significantly higher than one-time models. However, due to the adjustable size (in most cases, they are suitable from birth to 1-2 years) and the possibility of reuse, the costs quickly pay off.
The disadvantages of products can be attributed to the need for frequent washes. In this sense, they are almost similar to diapers, which our mothers and grandmothers used.
In addition, the experience of moms shows that it is advisable not to give up completely disposable models: they are useful for night sleep and in cases when you and your baby leave home for a long time.
As for allergies, it is less common in reusable diapers as the production does not use perfumes, plant extracts, and other questionable components. However, negative reactions are possible with the hypersensitivity of the baby to natural materials.
Prevention of allergic manifestations
To avoid any unpleasant consequences associated with wearing diapers, it is recommended to follow the following rules:
- Give the baby’s skin a “rest,” if possible every two hours, leaving the crumb without pants for 15 minutes;
- Change diapers in a timely manner to avoid diapers and irritations;
- thoroughly wash and wet the child before putting on it a dry diaper;
- Do not rub the baby’s skin, do not use hard towels that can injure the skin;
- As a cream for the diaper to apply barriers based on zinc oxide;
- Monitor reactions to the hygiene products used and, if necessary, choose more suitable for your child;
- choose diapers strictly in size because the option “to grow” not only negates their basic functions but can also harm the baby;
- Not to experiment with new brands, but to use proven and reliable products;
- Check the expiration date and date of manufacture specified on the packaging, as well as its integrity, before buying.
- Buy products from officials or pharmacies – only in this case can you be 100% sure that you have purchased original and quality products.
It is worth noting that the causes of allergies are much deeper than it seems at first glance. As a rule, the disease is directly related to the state of immunity, so much attention should be paid to the correct introduction of new foods into the diet and ensure a balanced diet.